college depend on regional and local factors so that it is really possible to give absolute sizes of system

lecture rooms

Option 1

  • This type of arrangement requires 1.8 sqm feet per person.
  • If a long front chalkboard is desirable, it is better to have the front wall longer than the side wall.
  • In case of strip tables where writing part can be folded up, require 1.2m space between seat centers.

Option 2

  • Teaching platform shall be atleast 20cm above the floor, and shall walk along the length of the board without the danger of falling down.
  • Seats shall be placed from a screen not les than twice, nor more than 6 times the width of the screen image to be viewed.
  • Standard minimum size for a rectangular  shaped lecture theatre is 0.2- 0.25  sqm / seat.


Seating in lecture theatres can be combined units of tip-up or swing seats, backrest and writing ledge (with shelf or hook for folders), usually fixed. (1) & (3)

Seating arrangement depending on subject, number of students and teaching method:

slide lectures, electro- acoustic systems on a gentle rake; surgery, internal medicine, physics on a steep rake. View curve calculated using graphic or analytic methods.(4)-(5).

Lecture halls are places of social and personal interaction, where learning takes place and where creative thinking is encouraged. The primary objective of the design team is to achieve the best possible arrangement of architectural elements and teaching facilities so that both teaching and learning is maximized. Design of lecture theatres and teaching spaces requires a balanced relationship bet. architectural/Construction skills and teaching/AV disciplines. The objective of the design team should be to optimize the ‘function’ of space, by clearly identifying all performance requirements and allowing for these needs in the design stage. Ancillary support spaces (i.e. lobbies, lecture halls) should be serviced by the primary telecommunication distribution system/infrastructure in the building. Lecture halls require the greatest design input and in which is usually found the greatest complement of audiovisual facilities. Lecture halls are generally single function spaces with fixed seating and writing furniture on a tiered or sloping floor surface. Each seat should have a clear unobstructed view to the lecturer and all boards and screens located on the presentation wall. Natural lighting is not desirable in lecture halls.


Libraries perform a range of functions in society. Academic libraries, for example, obtain, collect and store literature for education and research purposes, and are usually open to the general public. Public libraries provide communities with a wide choice of more general literature and other information media, with as much as possible displayed on open shelves. The functions of academic and public libraries are often combined in a single library in larger towns.


The shelves for elders and children are different due to the height of the person who uses the shelves and also shelves units are less for small children.


Sizes for the desk and chairs in computer lab. The eye distance from computer to human eye and other necessary precautions during drafting and designing.


width of the primary Circulation path within the space must not be less than 2M, the secondary and tertiary paths must not be less than 1.5M and 0.75M respectively.


Many furniture systems in contemporary offices are still designed according to standards in use since 1980. in addition furniture units such as simple work tables and desks that incorporate filing systems are still used. Because of the increasing use of VDUs and keyboards, European standards for workstations specify a surface height of 72cm high.




Laboratories for teaching and practicals comprising a large Number of workstations, usually with simple basics equipment. (3) research labs are usually in smaller spaces with special equipment and additional rooms for activities such as weighing and measuring , centrifuges and autoclaves, washing up acclimated and cold storage rooms with constant temperature, photographic rooms/dark room etc.(2)


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