A library is a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing. It provides physical or digital access to material, and may be a physical building or room, or a virtual space, or both.A library’s collection include books and other formats.
Purpose of library
The Purpose of a Library is to provide a flexible space with a wide and inclusive range of resources to support learning and teaching to have a vibrant role in the development of a culture that promotes wider reading, motivated readers and learners for life.
The library aims to provide the highest quality user-oriented public library service which will effectively contribute to the development of our area through the utilization of the broad range of contemporary media and technology, and thus serve the information and recreational reading needs of all people of the community, regardless of race, religion, creed, or age.
Uses of library
Libraries are a necessity for all people who boast of some culture. It is impossible for anyone to purchase all the books that are published. In a library we can select the subject in which we are interested. A good library also purchases books selected or recommended by the readers. Hence membership of a library gives one the opportunity of becoming familiar with a large number and variety of books.
TYPES OF LIBRARY
- ACADEMIC LIBRARY
- PUBLIC LIBRARY
- NATIONAL LIBRARY
- DIGITAL LIBRARY
- CHILDREN LIBRARY
- UNIVERSITY AND SCIENCE LIBRARY
An academic library is a library that is attached to a higher education institution which serves two complementary purposes to support the school’s curriculum, and to support the research of the university faculty and students.
Spaces: reference rooms, counter for issuing special books , reading rooms.
Services: inter library loans, photocopying , printing and readings. Online literature search and data stored in CD ROM.
Information is arranged in systematic ways.
Books are placed to be accessed by all.
A public library is a library that is accessible by the general public and is generally funded from public sources, such as taxes. It is operated by librarians and library paraprofessionals, who are also civil servants.
Display books on open shelves.
Services: browsing area , cafeteria, music listening facilities , recreational and meeting rooms.
Used by children, adolescents and adults.
Collection and historical documentation produced in our country or region.
Open for general public.
A national or state library serves as a national repository of information, and has the right of legal deposit, which is a legal requirement that publishers in the country need to deposit a copy of each publication with the library.
Unlike a public library, a national library rarely allows citizens to borrow books. Often, their collections include numerous rare, valuable, or significant works
A digital library is a special library with a collection of digital objects that can include text, visual material, audio material, video material, stored as electronic media formats (as opposed to print, or other media. ), along with means for organizing, storing, and retrieving the files and media contained in the library collection
Digital libraries can vary immensely in size and scope, and can be maintained by individuals, organizations, or affiliated with established physical library buildings or institutions, or with academic institutions. The digital content may be stored locally, or accessed remotely via computer networks.
An electronic library is a type of information retrieval system.
Children’s libraries are special collections of books intended for juvenile readers and usually kept in separate rooms of general public libraries.
Some children’s libraries have entire floors or wings dedicated to them in bigger libraries while smaller ones may have a separate room or area for children.
- PATH AND DOORS
- ELEVATOR SAND STAIRS
- PERIODICALS AND STACKS
- REFERENCE OR HELP DESK
Furniture and Equipment: Sizes, Spacing, and Arrangement
SHELVES SHOULD NOT MORE THAN 3 METERS LONG
BOOKS SHOULD BE CARRIED IN TROLLEYS (.92mx.99mx.5m)
Clear space between shelves at least 1.3 METRE – 1.4 METRES
CIRCULATION ROUTES > 1.2M WIDE
AVOID CROSSING AND OVERLAPPING ROUTES
AREA OF READING PER PERSON ATLEAST 2.5M.Sq
AREA FOR INDIVIDUAL WORK PLACE > 4M.Sq
FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM OF LIBRARY
TO KNOW THE WHERE ABOUT OF THE SPECIFIC BOOK , IN THE LIBRARY
ONLINE BOOKS AND MAGAZINES
TOILET FOR MEDIUM SIZED PUBLIC TOILET
TOILET FOR SMALL SIZED PUBLIC TOILET
The reference desk or information desk of a library is a public service counter where professional librarians provide library users with direction to library materials, advice on library collections and services, and expertise on multiple kinds of information from multiple sources.
Library users can consult the staff at the reference desk for help in finding information
Using a structured reference interview, the librarian works with the library user to clarify their needs and determine what information sources will fill them.
Information is also provided to patrons through electronic resources.
Typically, a reference desk can be consulted either in person, by telephone, through email or online chat, although a library user may be asked to come to the library in person for help with more involved research questions.
A staffed and knowledgeable reference desk is an essential part of a library.
The services that are provided at a reference desk may vary depending on the type of library, its purpose, its resources, and its staff.
THE BEST WAY TO LAYOUT A MEETING ROOM IS DEPENDANT ON A NUMBER OF FACTORS INCLUDING;
THE SPACE AVAILABLE
THE SIZE OF THE AUDIENCE
THE LEVEL OF ACTIVITY AND INTERACTION REQUIRED
6 MAIN STYLES OF MEETING ROOM
CONFERENCE BOARD ROOM STYLE
U-SHAPED OR HORSESHOE STYLE