Fire Station


A fire station is a structure or other area set aside for storage of firefighting apparatus such as fire engines and related vehicles, personal protective equipment, fire hoses and other specialized equipment.

They can also serve as education and training Centre’s , and should be equipped with all the necessary maintenance , support and repairs facilities for content readiness

A fire station can act as emergency medical communication centre as well as district or regional control centre in the event of a large scale emergency.

A typical local fire station can be set out based on the following unit (U)

four bays for the fire tenders 4U

an appliance room and storeroom for special equipment 1U

A training room and multipurpose room for

administration and control staff 5U

rest and recreation rooms 3U

and a plant room 1U

Setting up and maneuvering areas

A fire station for both local and area support operations, providing, for example , fire prevention and technical

Services, central workshop, catering, training and practice facilities can contains:

up to 16 fire engine bays (with ambulance service, an additional 4U)                           16U

an appliance room and storeroom for special equipment                                                   4U

a training room                                                                                                                            7U

rest and recreation rooms, including washroom, shower, wc, changing room              4U

and drying room

Rooms such as a duty room, restroom and small kitchen                                       3U

Administration room and room for the station commander                                   1U

Vehicle and equipment workshop and plant room                                                  2U

An operations control room                                                                                         4U

And a central workshop (as required).

Parking bays and doors

Dimensions of parking bays

Dimensions of current fire services appliances, from one of the largest germen fire equipment manufacturers

Where no control hose servicing workshop is available, a hose servicing workshop (9U) should be included and likewise a workshop for servicing breathing apparatus (4U) will be needed if there is no centralized services.

Areas of room

The size of fire station can be estimated using unit (U) based on largest parking bay (55 sq.m). This gives indication of the minimum sizes of component rooms .

Appliance room                                                                                                              1U

Storage room for special equipment                                                                           1U

Training room                                                                                                                  4U

Ancillary space requirement                                                                                          1U

rest and recreation rooms:

washroom, shower, wc, changing room and drying rooms                                       3U

watch room, rest room and rest room                                                                            3U

administration                                                                                                                    1U

Station commander’s room                                                                                             1U

Control room                                                                                                                      1U


Hose service workshop, hose wash and test room                                                      8U

(at least 26 m long and 3m wide)

Hose store                                                                                                                            1U

Hose drying tower with practice wall

Clear height inside tower, minimum 23 m                                                                   1U

If a horizontal hose drying installation is provided in place of a hose drying tower, it must be housed in the hose wash and test room. The minimum area of this room must then be 9U and its clear height at least 3m.

Breathing apparatus workshop                                                                                                                             4U

Service, repair, storage including that for radioactive protection gear and diving gear

Room for breathing apparatus servicing                                                                                                             4U

Vehicle and appliance workshop, including battery charging point, linked to an existing parking bay   2U

Vehicle wash bay                                                                                                                                                      4U


Heating and fuel storage rooms                                                                                                                            1U




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