Christian Church” is an ecclesiological term generally used by Protestants to refer to the whole group of people belonging to Christianity throughout the history of Christianity. In this understanding, “Christian Church” does not refer to a particular Christian denomination but to the body of all believers . The chancel should be slightly raised for good visibility, suitably Set off for other areas. As well as the altar, a table is required for the missal and the vessels , and also seat for the priest and servers, usually   at the vertex of the alert facing the congregation . Side altars in roman catholic churches are movable or in lockable recesses > 2.00m wide and 3m deep .

Ground floor of parish center in widdersdorf

The blessed sacrament is kept in secure tabernacle at a place marked by the sanctuary lamp .

The 14 stations of the way of the cross, with symbolic, artistic depiction and the crosses and the 12 apostles, are distributed evenly for people to walk around .

Confessionals in roman catholic churches are next to the choir or in the side aisles, and if possible can be entered from two sides.

The sacristy is used to keep robes and vessels and to prepare the services, and should be situated near the alert. Ventilation, heating, toilets, disabled access and seats for people With impaired hearing as well as sufficient parking space, complete the brief .

Possible different usage of space

Chruch organs

The organ in a church or concert hall is a work of art incorporating musical, architectural and technical aspect .

The design is based on the technical requirements of the organs is unique.

The optimum reverberation time is 3-4 seconds in a full space with high diffusion and good reflection from the rear wall, the side walls and the ceiling.

The frequency range of an organ is between 16Hz and over to 10000Hz. The sound in better in the front of, rater then behind, the organ.

In small spaces, one register requires 60m3, medium – sized spaces requires 100m3 per register and larger spaces 150m3 . If the acoustics for the organ are not good (reverberation time under 3.5 second ), 10% must be added . Tuning boards are 50-80 cm wide. The face of the organ is known as the prospect and holds the prospect pipes, which are made of a tin / lead alloy and Are visible from the front .

Formula for determining number of registers (according to H . G . Klais )

Wedge bellows

Dimensions of blower and reservoirs

Ranks of pipes of an open B flat register

Tables with pipes bodies

Plan of pedal towers on the parapet

Summary of casing sizes

Organs need regular maintenance . Leave tuning gangway behind the organ 50-80cm wide.

The weight of an organ can range from 100kg per register for choir organs to 600kg per register for pedal organ bases, including frames and casework .

Churches: Bells, Towers

Before planning, consult a bell specialist about the size and pitch of the bells, and there acoustics and weights . The inherent frequency of the tower must not resonate with the frequency of the bells . Steel bells are about 15% larger in diameter and about 25% lighter from bronze bells, bells are rarely manufacture nowadays .

Bell proportions


Horizontal thrust

Straight yoke

Concrete floors and ceilings can be covered with wood.

Characteristic values of bells

Stair , ramp & lift



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