Romans were the first to try running the animal cart on parallel lines of stones and bricks.
• In 15th century, wooden planks and beams were used in place of stones in England and Europe known as “tramways”.
First Indian Railway line was opened on 16th April 1853.
• “Plate ways” was then made in which wood was then replaced by iron plates and then angle irons came and finally iron was replaced by cast iron.
• Hence speed was achieved.
• In 1771,steam locomotive was invented by Nicholas.
• First public railway of the world was opened for traffic in England in 1825. The first station of India, Victoria terminus (Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus) was built in 1887 in the Bori Bunder area of Bombay to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria by Frederick William Stevens with influences from Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture and traditional Mughal buildings.
On such stations, train can only move upside or downside.
• In this type arrangements are made for crossing or for overtaking trains. Wayside stations are of the following types.
i. Halt stations,
ii. Flag Stations,
iii. Crossing stations
• At a junction stations, lines from three or more directions meet
• The stations where a branch line meets the main line are known as junctions.
Reception line terminates in a dead end. No round run is possible by train
It is a station where a railway line or one of its branches terminates
Facilities required in terminal stations
• Watering, coaling, cleaning, servicing the engine.
Station area is divided in to following parentage.
Detail of track
A railway track or railway line is a set of two parallel rows of long pieces of steel. They are used by trains to transport people and things from one place to another
Sleepers – these are supports for the rails.
Switches and crossings – these are moveable sections of track that guide trains from one track to another and allow them to cross paths. They have an especially limited lifespan because trains cause wear and deformation when they travel across them
Sets of points – these are mechanical systems that move the switches and crossings.
RAILWAY FRIGHT YARD
SPACE REQUIRED B/W TWO PEOPLE AT PLATEFORM
Vertical transportation at railway station
Ramps shall be a minimum width of 1200mm for unidirectional
movement and 1500mm for bi-directional movement.
i) Stairs shall be located along the normal and direct path of passenger circulation and be visible and
easily identifiable as means of access to the levels they connect.
ii) Wherever feasible, stairs shall be paired with escalators to facilitate efficient and economical passenger
minimum of queuing and runoff area equal to the width of the stair or 3.048 m, whichever is greater.
Stair width 1800mm or 3 lanes (minimum) for normal movement of passengers. 1200mm or 2 lanes
(minimum) for emergency use of passengers.
An architecturally preferred minimum 2.640 m clear distance to any obstruction, such as a VCE,
from the platform edge. This distance includes the .609 m wide platform safety edge,
Example plan of railway station
SOURCE :- NEUFERT